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What Constitutes Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is:

The verbatim use of any passage or phrase lifted from a published or unpublished source and presented as the student’s own writing without acknowledging indebtedness is dishonest. Hacker says, “Your research paper is a collaboration between you and your sources. To be fair and ethical, you must acknowledge your debt to the writers of those sources. If you don’t, you commit plagiarism, a serious academic offense” (Hacker, 2004). The submission of another student’s paper as your own is plagiarism; repeating someone else’s phrases or words or presenting another person’s ideas as your own is plagiarism.

Part of the Hiram College Style Sheet

Hacker, Diana. Rules for Writers. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2004. print.


What activities may constitute plagiarism?

(This list is not exhaustive)

Unauthorized assistance from persons:

(Authorized assistance consists of the support system the College has sanctioned, including the Writing Center, Vencl-Carr and writing assistants, and peer editors; however, “assistants” and “readers” can also be accused of plagiarism if they are involved in any way in the following offenses.)

  1. Using a paper written by another student.
  2. Asking a “friend” to write a paper for you, and using it as your own.
  3. Agreeing to supply other students with work not their own in either way listed above (or other ways that represent an excess of “help,” such as writing entire paragraphs for other people).
  4. Allowing one person in a collaborative writing project to do all the writing, and handing it in as the result of a collaboration (all parties are guilty).
  5. Turning in a paper written in another course, without telling an instructor you are doing so.
  6. Handing in a paper purchased off an internet site.
  7. Deliberately breaking the rules of fair assistance established by a professor for a particular assignment; if a professor tells you, for example, that the Writing Center may not be consulted on a take-home essay exam, it may not.

Unacknowledged assistance from sources:

  1. Using published material word for word, without citing it or placing it in quotation marks (or both).
  2. Paraphrasing without citation.
  3. Paraphrasing with words too close to the original source.
  4. Placing the citation for a paraphrase at a place in your text that does not clearly indicate which sentences that precede it are included in the paraphrase.
  5. Changing words in a paraphrase, but not syntax.
  6. Failing to distinguish what is and is not common knowledge.



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