Henry Family Papers, 1864 - 1944
Prepared by Joanne Sawyer, 1988
8 record storage boxes, 3 half-size record storage boxes, 1 quarter-size record storage box, 1 phase box, oversize books and folders, 11 cubic feet.
Captain Charles Eugene Henry was born of John and Polly Henry on November 29, 1836 at Bainbridge, Geauga County, Ohio. Young Henry pursued the normal of pious farmer’s on the Western Reserve. He worked during the day, studied at night, and became and advocate of the Disciples of Christ Church. Because of the latter association Henry attended the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College) during the closing years of the 1850’s when James A. Garfield was mentor of the institute.
Graduating in the spring of 1861, Henry soon found his way into one of the Ohio regiments being raised as a result of the outbreak of the Civil War. He enlisted on September 20, 1861 in Company A of the Forty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry as a private. Once again Henry found himself under the tutelage of James A. Garfield who organized and commanded the Forty-second Ohio through the Big Sandy Valley Campaign of the winter of 1861-1862. The young Eclectic graduate steadily rose in rank until he became a second lieutenant during the spring of 1863. Involved in the fighting at Vicksburg, Henry sustained a sever leg wound at the Battle of Thompson’s Hill which ended his infantry action. Recovering from the leg injury, he was assigned to the provost marshals office at Baton Rouge, La., under Colonel Don A. Pardee. He served as provost judge and adjutant until the fall of 1864 when he was brevetted captain and honorably discharged.
On November 10, 1864 Henry accepted the mantel of domestic life by marrying Sophia Williams, a fellow schoolmate at the Eclectic Institute. Soon the married couple settled on the Henry family homestead at Geauga Lake, which became their permanent residence until the end of their lives.
Running parallel with these events in Henry’s life was the burgeoning political career of James A. Garfield. Garfield had been the Congressman-elect of the 19th Congressional district in Ohio since 1862. With Henry taking residence in the confines of this district Garfield renewed old acquaintances, recognized the political acumen of the Republican Henry, and initiated the latter into his intimate circle of friends including Burked A. Hinsdale, Harmon Austin, J. Harrison Rhodes, W. S. Streator, and others. All of these men served as unofficial political advisors to Garfield the congressman, yet Captain Henry through patronage became Garfield’s chief political agent. In 1869 Garfield secured for Henry the position of railway mail clerk between Cleveland and Sharon, Pa., the route of the railway running through the heart of the 19th district. Although Henry’s primary duties consisted of sorting and dispersing the mails to the small Western Reserve communities, his other responsibility was to keep an eye on the political tenor of the district. This association lies at the base of the Garfield-Henry correspondence.
As the political aspirations of the Garfield widened he sought better positions for his political lieutenant with greater mobility. In 1872 Garfield captured the position of Special Agent to the Untied States postal server for Henry, and in 1880 Henry became and inspector for the postal department. Captain Henry could now move feely throughout Ohio in the interests of Garfield. For instance, in the latter part of 1870 Garfield sent Henry on a special mission to Columbus, Ohio. This was to secure the nomination and election of the Congressman to the Senate of the United States. Henry’s adroit management of Garfield’s interests resulted in the unanimous selection of Garfield for Senator, a position which he never enjoyed because of his election the Presidency.
When Garfield became President in 1881, he immediately was besieged by spoils men. Yet, the President reserved the post of Marshal of Washington, D. C. for his political agent. Henry served in this office with distinction and became embroiled in the Charles Guiteau trial (Garfield’s assassin) and the Star Route frauds. In December 1882 he was removed by President Chester A. Arthur in the latters attempt to wipe out the political appointments of Garfield.
Once again, Henry returned to private life. But his family was increasing in size and the homestead at Geauga Lake was unable to support the Henrys in a fashionable manner. Accepting an appointment in 1885 from his friend Don A. Pardee to serve as special master commissioner of the U. S. Circuit Court for investigating the railway strikes on the Gould railroads in the Southwest, of the Texas and Pacific Railway. For six years Henry remained in the service of this road as Stock Claim agent at Dallas, Texas.
During the 1890’s Captain Henry accepted an assignment with the United States Treasury Department as an inspector of public buildings. Likewise, he became an inspector for the American Surety Company, which sent him on such exotic cases as n extradition mission to South America and to Costa Rica.
Under the surface of his public life remained C. E. Henry the gentleman farmer. His greatest pride as a farmer was the high quality Western Reserve maple syrup, which his farm produced each spring. The Captain continually was active in Civil War organization such as the Grand Army of the Republic. Perhaps most noteworthy of his outside interests was his long association with the Hiram College Board of Trustees and his several terms as President of the Board. A raconteur of sorts, Henry enjoyed the rewards of writing and published extensively in the area newspapers and the Ohio Farmer. In total, Captain Charles Eugene Henry, who died on November 3, 1906 lived a many-faceted life which has given him a place as one of the outstanding personalities of the nineteenth-century Ohio Western Reserve.
Captain C. E. Henry’s yearly diaries: 1877, 1878, 1880, 1884, 1885, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1903.
Henry Family Record. A genealogical study of the Henry Family.
Balbi, Adrian. Universal Geography. New York, 1835.
Casey, Brigadier-General Silas. Infantry Tactics. Volume I. New York, 1863.
Clark, Adam. The New Testament of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. A commentary. Philadelphia, 1838.
The Continent. Volume V.
Eadie, John. A New and Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures. New York, 1830.
Erskine, Ralph. Gospel Sonnets, or Spiritual Songs. Glasgow, 1770.
Hale, Sir Matthew. History of the Common Law of England. London, 1716.
Headley, J. T. The Great Rebellion. Volume I. Washington, D. C., 1898.
Henry, Sophia Williams. A Texas Pilgrimage. Cleveland: J. B. Savage, 1905.
Houston, Edwin J. The Elements of Physical Geography. Philadelphia, 1892.
Hume, David. The History of England From The Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution of 1688. Volume I. London: A. Millar, 1773.
Keith, Thomas. A New Treatise on the Use of the Globes or A Philosophical View of the Earth. New York, 1832.
Lady’s Book of 1859. Place and date of publication not available because of the condition of the book.
Landon, L. E. The Works of L. E. Landon, Vol. II. Philadelphia: El Carey & A. Hart, 1839.
Saxe, John G. The Money-King and Other Poems. Boston: Ticknor & Fields, 1860.
Whiston, William (trans). The Works of Flavius Josephus. Baltimore: Armstrong & Plastik, 1833.
Historical War Map. Memphis, Tennessee.
Bible, Old Testament (Peshito Version) 1823?
Cleveland Investments, 1908
Court Manuals and Journals, 1914-1924
Delphic Literary Society, James Garfield Henry
The Family Garden
Goodrich, Charles. The Universal Traveller. Hartford: Robins & Smith, 1844.
Growth of Greater Cleveland
His Life: A Complete Story in the Words of the Gospel
Kent’s Law Directory & Court Manual For the City of Cleveland, Ohio
The Latest Books: A Buyer’s Guide
Law Notes of F. A. Henry
Lawrence, Eugene. A Primer of Latin Literature.
Moore, Thomas. Lalla Rookh. Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co., 1850.
The Union Club of Cleveland
Webb, A. G. Herbarium & Plant Descriptions, 1890.
Wilcox, Owen Nelson. Rowfant Leaves. Cleveland: The Gates Press, 1944.
Letters Written By C. E. Henry
Letters Written By Sophia Williams Henry
May, 1865-December, 1886
February, 1865-December, 1886
Letters From Don A. Pardee
Letters Written By Frank Mason, B. A. Hinsdale & John Sherman
Letters Written By Charles Foster
Letters Written By John Henry
Post Office Correspondence To C. E. Henry
Letters From The White House
Letters Concerning Marshalship of C. E. Henry
Letters to C. E. Henry Reflecting The Political Tenor of the Time
Letters Concerning the Assassination & Death Of James A. Garfield
Letters To C. E. Henry Showing Patronage
Notes Pertaining To The Star Route Trials
Correspondence Concerning The Guiteau Trial
Requests For Civil War Pensions
Correspondence: C. E. Henry & James A. Garfield
Miscellaneous Papers of John Henry
I Letters Written By C. E. Henry
2) January - December 1890
3) January – December 1891
II Letters Written By Sophia Williams Henry
III Letters Written By Fredrick A. Henry
1) 1887 – 1890
2) 1890 – 1891
III Family Correspondence
V Letters From Don A. Pardee
VI Letters From The American Surety Company
VII Miscellaneous Papers
2) January – December 1890
5) No Date
VIII C. E. Henry’s Notes On His Extradition To South America
December 1892 – March, 1893
IX Letters Written By C. E. Henry Concerning Costa Rica Extradition
January – November, 1894
X Letters From Treasury Department
XI Correspondence With Texas & Pacific Railway
XII Letters From John Sherman & B. A. Hinsdale
XIII Preserved Newspapers
XIV Writings of C. E. Henry
XV Information Concerning the Death of C. E. Henry, 1906
I Correspondence: Frederick A, Henry & Louise Adams
1) April 24, 1889 – May 31, 1889
2) June – October 1889
3) October – December 1889
4) January – May 1890
5) June – September 1890
6) October 1890 – January 1891
7) January – March 1891
8)March 11, 1891 – May 31, 1891
9) June 2, 1891 – August 31, 1891
10) September 1, 1891 – November 30, 1891
11) December 1, 1891 – January 31, 1892
12) February 1, 1892 – April 29, 1892
13) May 1, 1892 – July 29, 1892
14) August 2, 1892 – October 31, 1892
15) November 1, 1892 – January 19, 1893 (wedding invitations included)
16) December 5, 1902 – December 28, 1902 (European Tour/Louise Adams Henry)
II Correspondence: Frederick A. Henry From Family and Friends
1) January 7, 1891 – September 28, 1892
2) January 1893 (concerning wedding to Louise Adams ion Jan. 25, 1893)
3) February 2, 1893 – December 23, 1893
4) May 16, 1914 – August 6, 1929
I Frederick A. Henry College Papers
1) April – June 1887
2) July – December 1887
3) January – June 1888
4) July – September 1888
5) September – December 1888
II Frederick A. Henry General Papers
1) July – December 1889
2) January – June 1890
3) July – September 1890
4) September – December 1890
III Correspondence: Frederick A. Henry & Professor Harold E. Davis 1936
IV Notes By Frederick A. Henry concerning his book Captain Henry of Geauga
V Correspondence: Frederick A. Henry & Marcia Henry
January 25, 1919 – April 18, 1940
VI Correspondence: Marcia Louise Henry & Family
November 19, 1914 – September 7, 1918
VII Letters & Articles Concerning James Garfield Henry
VIII Miscellaneous Correspondence & Writings of Frederick A. Henry
1) 1899 – 1912
2) 1919 – 1924
X Photos & Memorabilia
I Business Correspondence To Frederick A. Henry
1) January 7, 189– June 25, 18911
2) August 2, 1891 – December 28, 1891
3) January 2, 1892 – April 30, 1892
4) May 1, 1892 – June 30, 1892
5) July 1, 1892 – November 21, 1892
6) January 1893
7) February 3, 1893 – May 26, 1893
8) June 1, 1893 – August 26, 1893
9) September 21, 1893 – December 30, 1893
10) April 1919 (including Hiram College)
11) May 1914 (including 18th c. Henry genealogy)
12) July 15, 1918 – May 15, 1919 (including Hiram College)
13) April 1929
14) August 1929
15) September 1929
16) June 1930
Diaries and Law papers of Frederick A. Henry, 1890’s
Daguerreotypes From Henry Collection
Cards And Photos
I. Text (photocopy) of Frederick A. Henry speech, Hiram College: an Historical
Interpretation. " An address delivered at the Historical Session held in connection with the
Seventy-fifth Anniversary Commencement Celebration at Hiram College, June 12, 1925
II. Judge Frederick A. Henry Correspondence, 1903-1907 re: the state of the college.
Frederick Henry's manuscript of Captain Henry of Geauga. Holograph
Marcia Henry Correspondence
· Css. To A.G. Webb Family, primarily Mary [Babe] Webb, Marcia's sister. June 19, 1908 -
August 24, 1908
· Css. To A.G. Webb Family, primarily Mary [Babe] Webb. July 7, 1910-December 9, 1918.
· Css. To Mary [Babe] Webb. July 5, 1924 - July 28, 1924.
· Css. To A.G. Webb Family, primarily Mary [Babe] Webb. July 8, 1927 - August 10, 1927.
· Css. To A.G. Webb Family, primarily Mary [Babe] Webb. August 18, 1932 - November 8,
· Css. To Mary [Babe] Webb. August 5, 1935 - October 8, 1935
· Css. To Mary [Babe] Webb. March 12, 1937 - November 3, 1937.
· Css. To A.G. Webb Family, primarily Mary [Babe] Webb. July 8, 1938 - January 21, 1939
· Css. To Mary Webb (niece). June 25, 1924 - August 4, 1938.
· Css. From Ned Sheldon to Marcia Henry during her illness. February 20, 1944 - may 17, 1944
· Css. From Sophia Henry [ Marcia and Mary's mother] to A.G. Webb Family. February 21,
1908 - August 24, 1908.
· Css. To Gertrude Barlow from Marcia Henry. December 8, 1947 - December 11, 1951.
· Miscellaneous Correspondence to Marcia Henry. April 15, 1919 - April 12, 1944.
· Marcia Henry's Postcard collection from friends and relatives throughout their travels.
· Autograph Album, 1879
· Diary inscribed Marcia Henry, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A. American Red Cross, Poitiers Vienie
(?) , France. September 1918. Volunteer work with the Red Cross during WW I. August 7,
1918 - January 21, 1919.
· Handwritten satirical book, composed by Marcia Henry, dealing with Hiram College subjects.
INVENTORY OF UNBOXED MATERIAL IN THE C. E. HENRY COLLECTION
Civil War materials in the C. E. Henry Collection.
A. One Brady photograph dated 1863. No name is given, but the picture is of a two star
general. Other Civil War mementos with the photograph.
B. Morning Report Book of Captain F. A. Williams (brother-in-law of C. E. Henry) while in command of Company A, Forty-second O.V.I.
C. Six Daily journals and general order books of the Forty-Second O.V.I.
D. Record of the Forty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
E. Several Deceased soldiers certificates in an envelope to C. E. Henry, Garfield building, Cleveland, Ohio.