William Henry Harrison Monroe Collection
Prepared by Jennifer Morrow, December 2012
.25 linear feet
Located in the Personal Papers Section
William Henry Harrison Monroe was born April 24, 1840 in Mogadore, Ohio, then part of Portage County. He was the fifth of nine children. He along with six of his siblings attended the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College). His eldest brother, Nelson, died as an infant and his eldest sister Alzina died in 1852 at approximately 20 years of age.
Monroe siblings at the Eclectic:
Sarah Monroe Wise (b. 1834 d. 1932)
Eugene Bronson Monroe (b. 1838 d. 1902)
William Henry Harrison Monroe (b. 1840 d. 1933)
John Quincy Adams Monroe (b. 1841 d. 1938)
James Madison Monroe (b. 1843 d. 1926)
Cordelia Celestia Monroe (b. 1846 d. 1871)
Adelbert Alfonso Monroe (b. 1851 d. 1926)
WHH [known as “Harry”] and three of his brothers, Eugene Bronson [known as “E.B.”], John Quincy Adams [known as “Quinn”], and James Madison [known as “Maddie”] served in the Civil War. Maddie lost a foot.
After the war, WHH entered the oil industry moving to Venango County Pennsylvania. In 1871, he married Rebecca Thompson. They had four children: Clara Cordelia, Charles Seymour, Isaac Everett, and Victor Garfield.
In addition to his work in the oil industry, WHH Monroe also helped establish the Disciples of Christ Church in Shamburg Pennsylvania and was one of the school directors of Oil Creed Township in Venango County.
Scope and Content Note
The William Henry Harrison Monroe Collection contains letters to and from WHH Monroe during and just before the Civil War. There are 11 letters as well as Monroe’s discharge papers, the outline of a family tree, and a copy of the obituary of Victor Garfield Monroe.
Also copies of the following have been added to this collection. The originals remain in the James A. Garfield Collection in the Hiram College Archives.
- 1.“Autobiography of WHH Monroe’s Service in Co. A., the 42nd Ohio Regiment in the War of the Rebellion”
- 2.“Reminiscences of James A. Garfield” by WHH Monroe
- Original Certificate of Discharge of William Henry Harrison Monroe
- Typed transcription of Certificate of Discharge
- Letter to “Harry” [N.B.: WHH Monroe was known as “Harry” to his friends] from brother and fellow soldier, “Quinn” [Q. A. Monroe also went to the Eclectic] in another company dated May 23, 1864 with stamped envelope 1 page and transcription
- Letter to “Sister” from Harry Feb. 5, 1862 1 page and transcription
- Letter sent to WHH Monroe from is cousin Chloe while he was still in training at Camp Chase with stamped envelope 1 page and transcription
- Letter to Harry from Quinn dated April 20, 1862 with envelope 2 pages and transcription
- Letter to “Sister Sarah” from Harry Nov 3, 1863 1 page and transcription
- Letter to Harry Monroe of Mogadore from A.B. Cook in Hiram dated May 5, 1860 with stamped envelope 1 page and transcription
- Letter to the “Folks at Home” from Harry dated Jan 8, 1862 3 pages and transcription
- Letter to Sister from Harry dated Sept 30, 1863 1 page and transcription
- Letter to Sister from Harry dated Jan 17, 1863 1 page and transcription
- Genealogical line of David Monroe
- Obituary of Victor Garfield Monroe
- “Autobiography of WHH Monroe’s Service in Co. A., the 42nd Ohio Regiment in the War of the Rebellion” [copy; original in James A. Garfield Collection]
- “Reminiscences of James A. Garfield” by WHH Monroe [copy; original in James A. Garfield Collection]
N.B.: with the exceptions of numbers 5 and 8 a “page” is a piece of paper, approximately 8” x 10”, folded to create four writing columns.