What Constitutes Plagiarism?
The verbatim use of any passage or phrase lifted from a published or unpublished source and presented as the student’s own writing without acknowledging indebtedness is dishonest. Hacker says, “Your research paper is a collaboration between you and your sources. To be fair and ethical, you must acknowledge your debt to the writers of those sources. If you don’t, you commit plagiarism, a serious academic offense” (Hacker, 2004). The submission of another student’s paper as your own is plagiarism; repeating someone else’s phrases or words or presenting another person’s ideas as your own is plagiarism.
Part of the Hiram College Style Sheet
What activities may constitute plagiarism?
(This list is not exhaustive)
Unauthorized assistance from persons:
Authorized assistance consists of the support system the College has sanctioned, including the Writing Center, Vencl-Carr and writing assistants, and peer editors; however, “assistants” and “readers” can also be accused of plagiarism if they are involved in any way in the following offenses:
Unacknowledged assistance from sources:
To plagiarize is to use someone else's work, whether published or unpublished, thru direct quotation or paraphrase, without giving credit to the author. Copy-pasting directly from the Internet or from online works is also plagiarism
The Hiram College Writing Center's Style Guide also provides resources to help you avoid plagiarism.
This page from Purdue University should help you avoid plagiarism: Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing
And several more pages from Purdue University to hone your skills at paraphrasing:
Suggestions to avoid plagiarism:
Research papers and essays promote learning and growth. They are integral to your experience at Hiram College. As we write them, we realize—and acknowledge—our debt to others, as well as our own distinct contribution to knowledge. We are a part of a community of learners. One day, many of you reading this page will write something so good, so wise, and so important that others in your field will want to refer to what you have said. You will have deserved a nod of recognition—you will have earned it. You, in turn, must tip your hat to others now.
Hiram College Style Sheet
Directions for the Preparation of Research Papers and Essays at Hiram College
Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices
The Council of Writing Program Administrators' document on plagiarism for faculty, staff, and students. A good resource for those interested in understanding what plagiarism is more keenly.
Purdue OWL: Avoiding Plagiarism
The plagiarism portion of the Purdue OWL, one of the premier websites for information on writing papers and dealing with research citation.