Caution: Students may use Wikipedia for ideas and referrals to scholarly sources but probably will seldom actually cite Wikipedia. Since entries change, be sure to include "date accessed" information.
There are many other guides available. Please search the Library Catalog under these suggested subject headings:
Authorship--Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Report Writing--Handbooks, Manuals, Etc
Technical Writing--Handbooks, Manuals, Etc.
What Constitutes Plagiarism?
The verbatim use of any passage or phrase lifted from a published or unpublished source and presented as the student’s own writing without acknowledging indebtedness is dishonest. Hacker says, “Your research paper is a collaboration between you and your sources. To be fair and ethical, you must acknowledge your debt to the writers of those sources. If you don’t, you commit plagiarism, a serious academic offense” (Hacker, 2004). The submission of another student’s paper as your own is plagiarism; repeating someone else’s phrases or words or presenting another person’s ideas as your own is plagiarism.
Part of the Hiram College Style Sheet
Hacker, Diana. Rules for Writers. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2004. print.
What activities may constitute plagiarism?
(This list is not exhaustive)
Unauthorized assistance from persons:
(Authorized assistance consists of the support system the College has sanctioned, including the Writing Center, Vencl-Carr and writing assistants, and peer editors; however, “assistants” and “readers” can also be accused of plagiarism if they are involved in any way in the following offenses.)
Unacknowledged assistance from sources:
Living Up to Code:
Avoiding Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty at Hiram College
We are very concerned at Hiram College that you understand and adhere to the principles of academic honesty. We know that this is not the first time, nor the first place, that this subject has been introduced to you. We know that you understand the absolute importance of attributing others’ ideas and words to them—not pretending that they are your own. We take these things as givens, and welcome you into the community of scholars because you believe them too.
Those of us who have struggled with the demands and joys of scholarship understand what hard work it is, and by understanding that, we understand that those who have engaged in thought and writing before us must, meticulously, be given credit for what they have done. Your relationship as a writer and researcher to other writers and researchers who have come before you is one of respect and acknowledgment. Who among us does not hope that our own work will one day be appreciated and recognized by others?
You need to understand, even this early in your career at Hiram College, that the consequences of not crediting and acknowledging your sources are severe. The Student Handbook very clearly articulates the procedure that will be followed in cases of plagiarism, as well as other forms of academic dishonesty.
But you will not have to worry about this if you work and live in the spirit of true scholarship.
The faculty at Hiram College believes that few students deliberately plagiarize. We live and work, together, in the spirit of mutual trust—not suspicion. However, we also know that careless habits and an unclear notion of college expectations for research writing sometimes put students at risk.
So I would ask you to think about some of the suggestions below:
Research papers and essays promote learning and growth. They are integral to your experience at Hiram College. As we write them, we realize—and acknowledge—our debt to others, as well as our own distinct contribution to knowledge. We are a part of a community of learners. One day, many of you reading this page will write something so good, so wise, and so important that others in your field will want to refer to what you have said. You will have deserved a nod of recognition—you will have earned it. You, in turn, must tip your hat to others now.
Hiram College Style Sheet
Directions for the Preparation of Research Papers and Essays at Hiram College
Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices
The Council of Writing Program Administrators' document on plagiarism for faculty, staff, and students. A good resource for those interested in understanding what plagiarism is more keenly.
Plagiarism.org is a website intended to take some of the mystery out of how to cite and reference information in papers. It will explain what plagiarism is, why it is important, and what you can do to avoid copying an author's work. It is a great start if you are nervous about including information into your paper.
Purdue OWL: Avoiding Plagiarism
The plagiarism portion of the Purdue OWL, one of the premier websites for information on writing papers and dealing with research citation.